CUSTOM WOOD FLOORING SPECIFIED SINCE 1883 BY AMERICA'S FOREMOST ARCHITECTS AND INTERIOR DESIGNERS This emblem graced the first "natural color" booklet published by Wood-Mosaic. The date? 1914 — and at that time Wood-Mosaic was already thirty-one years old ! This brochure is presented as a service to discriminating architects and interior de- signers who recognize the unmatched desirability of fine wood flooring. To them, and to all who cherish truly Old World craftsmanship in warm and beautiful woods, we hope this book will prove helpful, stimulating and inspiring. Wood-Mosaic Custom Floors offer opportunities for distinction in many areas, be they small foyers, living rooms, grand ballrooms, executive suites, or galleries. They are warmer, more colorful and more beautiful than any floors of man-made or synthetic materials. Wood-Mosaic Custom Wood Floors are a life-time investment in durability and good taste. They will continue to give you excellent service and great pleasure, regardless of any changes you may wish to make in your color schemes or general decor. We invite your inquiries. Front Cover: The residence of Mr. George E. Price, Lafayette, Indiana. Left: The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. WOOD-MOSAIC CORPORATION Makers of Fine Hardwood Flooring For Three Generations— World' s Largest Producer of American Walnut LOUISVILLE 21, KENTUCKY Wu/ti Millions of visitors have trod the par- quetry wood floors in the Palace of Versailles, as did the people of Europe s most brilliant Court, before them. No material used in today's structures has a more fascinating or colorful background, is so rich in tradition, or is so au- thentic in almost any historic period, than fine wood flooring. No other material contributes so much in warmth, in color, in variety of interest. The earliest mention of wood flooring on record appears to have been in 950 B.C. when King Solomon specified wood for his famous temple (1 Kings 6:15). Mosaic wood floors as we know them today were prob- ably first made in Italy, and from there were introduced into England, France and other countries of the Old World. English romance and history from the times of King Arthur's legends make reference to "sturdy Oak floors." On August 23, 1678, John Evelyn wrote in his diary: "The rooms in the Duke of Norfolk's Palace at Weybridge are wainscotted and some of them parqueted with Cedar, \few, Cypress, etc." Some of these early floors may still be seen in ancient castles and other buildings which today bear wit- ness to England's architectural splendors . . . And countless thousands of American visitors have trod the stately wood floors in the Duke of Marlborough's Blenheim Palace— in the Palace of Versailles— in Thomas Jefferson's lovely Mon- ti cello— and in dozens of other "great houses." Coming down to modern times, the records of Wood- Mosaic are literally filled with the best-known names in America, past and present. Further, the Wood-Mosaic Cus- tom Flooring used in great homes and other buildings was specified (and is being specified) by the most eminent archi- tects and interior designers this nation has ever produced. Many of these floors have followed the various Wood- Mosaic patterns shown in this brochure. Many, however, have been especially designed, and sometimes in the most intricate patterns. Whatever your wishes— whatever effects you are seeking, whatever kinds of wood most enchant you —Wood-Mosaic can meet and surpass your expectations. Blenheim Palace, built by a grateful England for the illustrious Duke of Marlborough, is floored throughout in mosaic wood designs. The world-famous Louvre, one of the most important civic buildings tn France, contains literally acres of fine wood flooring in many lovely patterns. SOME TYPICAL WOOD-MOSAIC Residences David Bruce Washington, D. C. T. Jefferson Coolidge Manchester, Mass. Pierre DuPont Wilmington G. Andrews Espy Cincinnati Benson Ford Grosse Pointe Henry Ford II Detroit Frank B. Harvey Wichita Falls Wm. Randolph Hearst Long Island, N. Y. Mrs. Merriwether Post May Washington, D. C. Arthur E. McLean Little Rock Andrew W. Mellon Pittsburgh Hubert T. Parsons West Long Branch, N. J. George E. Price Lafayette, Ind. R. J. Reynolds Winston-Salem K. V. Roberts Carmel, Calif. Nelson Rockefeller Hulls Cove, Maine Winthrop Rockefeller Morrilton, Ark. Rosenberg Apts. Hotel Pierre, New York Thos. Fortune Ryan Rockford, 111. W. E. Scripps Orion, Mich. William H. Vanderbilt Brookline, Mass. Wm. Wrigley, Jr. Chicago Hotels Belle vue-Stratford Philadelphia Biltmore Hotel Los Angeles Brown Hotel Louisville Conrad Hilton Chicago Drake Hotel Chicago Miami Biltmore Miami Muehlebach Hotel Kansas City Netherland Hilton Cincinnati Palmer House Chicago Park Lane Toledo Robert Driscoll Hotel Corpus Christi Roosevelt Hotel New Orleans Sheraton-Dallas Hotel Dallas Sherman Hotel Chicago St. Anthony Hotel San Antonio Vanderbilt Hotel New York Stores Bullock's Pasadena Gimbels New York Lord & Taylor New York Lord & Taylor Washington, D. C. Macy's New York Maison Blanche New Orleans Marshall Field & Co. Chicago May Company Baltimore Rich's Atlanta Stewart's Baltimore Tiffany & Co. New York Banks and Offices Chemical National Bank New York Commercial National Bank Little Rock Fidelity-Philadelphia Trust Co. Philadelphia First National Bank Hartford Girard Trust Company Philadelphia New England Mutual Life Insurance Co. Boston Springs Cotton Mills Lancaster, South Carolina Clubs Bellerive Country Club St. Louis Chicago Athletic Club Chicago Country Club Brookline, Mass. Country Club Saranac Lake, N. Y. Druid Hills Golf Club Atlanta The Houston Club Houston Houston Country Club Houston Louisville Country Club Louisville Mid-America Club Chicago Old Warson Country Club St. Louis Pendennis Club Louisville Penn Athletic Club Philadelphia Petroleum Club Houston Pine Bluff Country Club Pine Bluff, Arkansas Rolling Hills Country Club Tulsa Santa Anita Turf Club Los Angeles University Club Cleveland Universities, Public Buildings, Etc. Agnes Scott College Decatur, Georgia Archives Building Washington, D. C. Art Institute of Chicago Chicago Baltimore Museum of Art Baltimore Benjamin Franklin Memorial Philadelphia Boston Museum of Art Boston British Embassy Washington, D. C. Cathedral of Learning University of Pittsburgh The Chateau, Middlebury College Vermont Christian Science Publishing Co. Boston Cincinnati Art Museum Cincinnati Columbia University Library New York Department of Interior Washington, DC. Department of Justice Washington, D. C. Edison Museum Dearborn, Mich. FOLGER SHAKESPERIAN LIBRARY Washington, D. C. French Embassy Washington, D. C. Georgetown Univ. Medical School Washington, D. C. German Embassy Ottawa, Canada Harvard University Cambridge House of Parliament Ottawa, Canada Houston Art Gallery Houston Howard University Washington, D. C. Huntington Hartford Museum New York Huntington Memorial Library Pasadena Indiana State Library and Historical Building Indianapolis Indiana University Bloomington Johns Hopkins University Baltimore Kansas City Municipal Auditorium Kansas City Lilly Library, Indiana University Bloomington Los Angeles Times Building Los Angeles Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minn. Miami University Oxford, Ohio Minneapolis Art Museum Minneapolis Nassau Tavern Princeton National Gallery of Art Washington, D. C. Norton Gallery of Art West Palm Beach Pan American Building Washington, D. C. Pomona College Pasadena Purdue University Lafayette, Ind. Rainbow Room, Rockefeller Center New York Rodin Museum Philadelphia Speed Museum Louisville State Capitol of North Dakota Bismark State Department Office Building Washington, D. C. St. Louis Art Museum St. Louis Stevens College Columbia, Mo. Supreme Court Building Washington, D. C. Theodore Roosevelt Memorial New York Truman Library Independence, Mo. UCLA Los Angeles University of Georgia Athens University of Illinois, Alumni Hall Champaign University of Michigan Ann Arbor Viterbo College La Crosse, Wise. The White House Washington, D. C. Wellesley College Wellesley, Mass. Western Ontario University London, Canada Witt Museum San Antonio Yale University New Haven A STATELY GEORGIAN PATTERN DESIGNED BY THOMAS JEFFERSON "Architecture is my delight," said Thomas Jefferson, and so Monti- cello — planned and built under his direct supervision — stands today as a lasting tribute to his good taste and creative genius. In an intimate description of Monticello written before 1871 by a member of Mr. Jefferson's family, reference is made to the stately beauty of the flooring in Monticello: "After nearly seventy years of use and abuse," he wrote, "a half-hour's dusting will make it compare favourably with the handsomest tessellated floor." Today this same rich design, representing one of the high de- velopments in Georgian architecture, is still available in Wood- Mosaic's Monticello pattern. The illustration at the right shows this pattern in an interesting selection of wood — 6" x 6" centers of burl, crotch and figured American Walnut, and 2" x 2" frames of striped, Quartered Walnut. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Flooring is thick. The design is composed of separate 10" x 10" 3-ply units, made of 6" x 6" centers, surrounded by 2" x 10" mitered bands. Units are grooved on all four edges, and installed with splines. Available unfinished in combinations of Walnut, Teak, Satin- wood, Oak, Cherry, Rosewood, Mahogany, Gothic Oak. Stairball of a residence in Montreal, Quebe A CLASSIC DESIGN OF THE 18TH CENTURY To the student of French architecture, no detail stands out more strikingly than the Fontainebleau flooring used in the Palace of Fontainebleau, the Petit Trianon, the Louvre, the Chateau Com- piegne and many other historic chateaux and palaces. Because of its noble associations, symmetry and structural prac- ticability, the Fontainebleau pattern has become one of the most famous in the world. On the Continent, variations are found in several places. At Chantilly the small interior squares are laid square with the outside bands — whereas in other cases they are laid at 45-degree angles. In La Galerie d'Apollon in the Louvre, these two variants alternate in the same room, giving a distinctive and unusual effect. All these variations, too, are available in Wood-Mosaic flooring. The standard size (inside the pointed pickets or dividers between sections) is approximately one meter (39 inches) square. This size may be varied to suit the size of the room, without loss of essen- tial authenticity. Although the original French installations were of Oak, modern architects and designers frequently specify other woods. Wood- Mosaic's Gothic Oak is especialy appropriate, reproducing the rich color of aged English Brown Oak still preserved in the beams, paneling and floor planking of medieval times. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Flooring is 1 %c>" thick, in solid pieces tongued and grooved, center-matched, pre-cut to form design as pieces are installed. Standard size of sections is 39" square. Sections are separated by 3" x 42" double-mitered (pointed) pickets. Available unfinished in Plain or Quartered White Oak, Red Oak, Gothic Oak, Walnut, Cherry or Teak. Pomponne Salon, City Art Museum of St. Louis, Missouri. I II „ 1 AN EXQUISITE PATTERN WITH A FRENCH ACCENT Powdered wigs . . . fleurs-de-lis . . . light raillerie and high romance —this is the background of Wood-Mosaic flooring in the Marie Antoinette design. The Marie Antoinette design was apparently used as a simpler variant of the Fontainebleau pattern in many famous chateaux and palaces of the Old Regime. Today one of its best examples can be seen in the Throne Room of the Palace of Luxembourg. During the past several decades, the Marie Antoinette design has become increasingly popular in the United States — not only for homes designed in the French manner, but also for those- of many other styles and periods. It is particularly adapted for use in small and irregularly-shaped rooms. The standard pattern of Wood-Mosaic's Marie Antoinette design is composed of 9" squares, with bands 21/4" x 201/4". It may be enlarged by using 13I/2" squares surrounded by bands 3"x 30". The usual woods are Quartered White Oak or Walnut. Other woods are frequently specified, however, with effective and striking results. Gothic Oak makes a particularly fine floor in the Marie Antoinette design. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Flooring is thick. The design is composed of separate pieces, tongued and grooved, center-matched, and milled for nailing or laying in mastic. The design consists of 9" squares (of 4 pieces each 2V4" w »d e x 9" long) together with 214" x 20%" bands, to give an interlocked effect. (If a larger pattern is required, the unit pieces may be enlarged in proportion.) Available unfinished in Plain or Quartered White Oak, Red Oak, Walnut, Cherry, Gothic Oak and Teak. A residence in Riverside, California. Note the diagonal grain of the inner squares — an interesting variation. 11 Directors' Dining Room, New Etrgland Mutual Life Insurance Company, Boston, Massachusetts. OFTEN USED IN CONTEMPORARY AS WELL AS TRADITIONAL SETTINGS Nothing is more appropriate for the floors in Early American or Colonial rooms than Wood-Mosaic Colonial Planking, yet it is fre- quently specified in Contemporary structures, and in both formal and informal settings. Plank floors are installed with either square or slightly beveled edges. Some prefer the V grooves between the boards to delineate the random widths more distinctly. Plugs are often specified to simulate the pegs our forefathers used to install the original plank floors. These plugs can be made of matching or contrasting woods. Butterflies (keys) are also available. Originally these keys were used to hold adjoining planks closely together. Some plank floors are "antiqued" or distressed by sand blasting, wire brushing and scraping, to reproduce as nearly as possible the handsome time-worn floors in Colonial inns and taverns. Colonial Planking is a truly American floor — as new today as 300 years ago. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Planks are is /i6" thick. They are supplied in random lengths, and random widths from 3" to 7" in solid (or laminated) con- struction. Each piece is center-matched, tongued and grooved and end grooved with splines. Edges may be beveled or square. Plugs and butterflies of either matching or contrasting woods may be inserted as floor is installed. Available unfinished in Plain or Quartered White Oak, Red Oak, Ash, Gothic Oak, Walnut, Cherry or Teak. 13 A HANDSOME DESIGN THAT HARMONIZES WITH ALL SURROUNDINGS The herringbone design appears in almost every art form from earliest times right down to the present day. Our primitive ancestors drew the pattern on their cave walls— and today the eye-catching motif endures in a thousand variations in furniture, fabrics, floors . . . Fine wood floors have been made in the herringbone pattern for many centuries— were probably the first mosaic wood floors ever laid. They are preferred today by many leading architects and interior designers, for rooms of almost every Period. Like all other mosaic wood floors, they create a perfect background for beautiful rugs. Wood-Mosaic Custom Herringbone Floors are available in many lengths and in various sizes to "scale" with rooms of virtually any dimension. For instance, the famous Edison Museum in Greenfield Village contains one of the largest hardwood floors in the world— 350,000 sq. ft. of 3"x 18" Wood-Mosaic Teak Herringbone. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Flooring is 13 /ie" thick. Each piece is 214" wide x 9", 11V4" or 1 3 V2 " 'ong solid hardwood, center-matched, tongued and grooved, and milled for nailing or laying in mastic. (Other special widths and lengths, as well as mitered slats, are avail- able for varieties of the Herringbone Pattern.) Available unfinished in Plain or Quartered White Oak, Red Oak, Gothic Oak, Walnut, Cherry or Teak. The residence of Mr. C. Emmett Waddell, Palm Beach, Florida. 15 The Board of Governors' Room, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. RHOMBS CUSTOM-MADE TO YOUR INDIVIDUAL REQUIREMENTS, HOWEVER DEMANDING Now as always, the great architects and builders of the world— and the clients and patrons for whom they strive— ever seek after those individual details, those large or small "signatures" that mark and commemorate their genius. And thus it is with fine mosaic wood floors. Many of the designs shown in this brochure, for example, were originally the unique and personal work of some master architect, expressing his innate sense of design in the floors of his palaces and chateaux. What individual ideas would you wish to express in the glow- ing wood of your floors? A pattern of your own creation? A design or heraldic device? Your family shield or coat of arms? A guild-mark— or its modern equivalent, a trade-mark? A floor such as you have admired in the Orient or Vienna or Madrid, or one that was born in your own imagination ? We invite you to consult with us You will find us eager to help you implement your inspirations— and your inquiry will in no way obligate you. BORDEAUX 17 I -1 s j? h WOOD-MOSAIC CUSTOM FLOORS ARE HANDCRAFTED LIKE FINEST FURNITUI Qtmimect TURE 6/ Wood-Mosaic has made fine custom hardwood floors since 1883. Through the years, the Corporation has grown until today it is known throughout the world for its fine lumber and veneers of many rare species. Wood- Mosaic is the largest producer of Walnut, America's most popular fine wood. But from the beginning, three generations ago, custom flooring has been Wood-Mosaic's first love and greatest forte. WOODS Hardwoods from all over the world are used in Wood-Mosaic's Custom Floors— fine-textured Appalachian Oaks, hard Maple, Walnut, Cherry and Ash from the United States; Teak from Thailand, Rosewood from Brazil, Mahogany and Ebony from Africa, Koa from Hawaii. All these woods are carefully chosen by Wood-Mosaic's own timber and lumber buyers. Nothing but the finest quality is used in custom- producing for your specific job. Wood-Mosaic's exclusive Gothic Oak— a unique product available nowhere else— gives you the soft, mellow color of ancient Oak as seen in medieval structures. This color permeates the wood— is not a mere finish. SEASONING Seasoning wood for floors is a delicate process. The finest wood, if im- properly dried, will fail to make a perfect floor. The lumber for Wood- Mosaic Custom Flooring is thoroughly air-dried and seasoned, then carefully kiln-dried in Wood-Mosaic's own kilns. Our controls are de- signed to produce the finest lumber it is possible to obtain for flooring. MACHINING Any lumber mill can cut lumber into strips, squares, etc. But wood can expand and contract with humidity changes, and each species changes dimensions to different degrees. In machining lumber for Wood-Mosaic Custom Floors, these and many other factors are taken into account. All work is "laid out" by wood engineers— is machined by skilled craftsmen. Custom 13/16" flooring to be laid in mastic should be machined and' scaled differently from flooring to be installed by nailing. At Wood- Mosaic, this is done. Mastic grooves are always cut in the back of each 13/16" piece to be laid in mastic. The center-matched milling for nail installation provides an oppor- tunity to use the best side of each piece, and to obtain a flush tight joint between all pieces, to assure an ideally flat floor. To put it briefly, Wood-Mosaic Custom Flooring is made to the highest standards. There are no better wood floors in the world. The Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Canada. 19 [•SMI^^H / / WOOD-MOSAIC IS ALSO THE PIONEER IN IS SPECIAI EXCELLENT WOOD FLOORING . . LAID LIKE RESILIENT MATERIALS . . READY FOR IMMEDIATE USE! Thirty years ago, Wood- Mosaic recognized the need for distinctive, mosaic-type wood flooring which could be purchased and installed more economically than our fine custom flooring. Thus in the mid 1930's, Wood-Mosaic developed the first of a long series of thinner, pre-finished hardwood floorings— the Haddon Hall pattern— first in Oak, then in Walnut, Gothic Oak, Teak and Cherry. A few years later— in the 1940's— houses and other structures built with concrete slab on grade foundation became more prevalent — and moisture problems sometimes caused solid floors to fail. Wood-Mosaic then became one of the early developers of laminated flooring to meet this situation; therefore where installation is to be made on concrete slabs below or at ground level, three-ply laminated construction is recommended. Many millions of feet of such Wood-Mosaic flooring have now been used all over the Nation. Improvements in finishes and con- struction have made this flooring virtually trouble-free— and highly reliable over radiant heating slabs as well. Thus, since the mid-thirties, Wood-Mosaic has contributed greatly to better, more handsome flooring even in moderate and low-priced structures. The contributions still continue, with lovely designs as shown on these pages. A UNIQUE COMBINATION OF IMPORTANT ADVANTAGES ■ Warmth and beauty of genuine hardwood— choice of many fine hardwood species. ■ Great economy— installed costs and maintenance are far less than with most wall-to-wall carpeting— many patterns are substantially less in cost than good grades of vinyl. ■ Beautifully pre-finished with vinyl-alkyd — a Wood-Mosaic finish which gives 3 or 4 times longer wear than ordinary finishes. ■ Easy to install— even over existing floors. Ideal for remodeling. ■ No nailing, sanding or finishing is necessary. Laid like resilient tile. ■ Carefully engineered and manufactured in solid or laminated con- struction. <D The Wood-Mosaic Haddon Hall pattern is an authentic reproduction of the classic basket- weave design in England's famed Haddon Hall. The natural variations of color and grain in fine woods enhance the mosaic quality of this hand- some pattern. It is shown in pre-finished Walnut. For specifications data, see the data on the Clustered Square Pattern, page 22. 21 This exquisite pre-finished flooring is a variation of Wood-Mosaic's famed Marie Antoinette pattern (which is available only in 13/16" custom flooring; see pages 10 and 11). It is almost indistinguishable from the ancient pattern found in many French chateaux and palaces. The illustration shows Du Barry in Cherry, but many interest- ing combinations of two different woods are often used from the species mentioned below. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Blocks are %" x 9" x 9" of 3 ply laminated construction divided by 2" x 20" interlocking bands. Tongued and grooved. Pre-finished with Wood-Mosaic's vinyl-alkyd finish. Blocks are installed with adhesive. Available in Natural or Dark Oak, Maple, Walnut or Cherry. Half-inch thickness if desired. Wood-Mosaic's Clustered Square Pattern is a floor of restrained and classic beauty. This inexpensive, practical design is often used in directors' rooms, luxurious show- rooms and fine offices as well as in homes. Like all other Wood-Mosaic pre-finished patterns, the Clustered Square design can readily be used over existing floors as well as in new construction. The illustration shows it in pre- finished Gothic Oak. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Also applicable to H addon Hall Pattern Blocks are %e" x 12" x 12" of solid hardwood pre-fabricated into par- quetry squares. Slightly beveled edges, not tongued and grooved. Pre- finished with Wood-Mosaic's vinyl-alkyd finish or unfinished. Available in quarter sawn White Oak— Natural or Dark-finish — Gen- uine Teak, American Walnut, Gothic Oak or Cherry. Can be installed over any smooth, above-grade sub-floor with adhesive. 22 An extraordinary and handsome new design consisting of lam- inated pieces. The pre-finished units are %o" thick x 12" x 12", made up of 4" x 4" laminated squares all held together with latex. Laminated in hot presses with special glue, the Princess Anne pattern is particularly suitable for installation in adhesive over concrete, on grade. Available in Natural or Dark Oak. This classic pre-finished flooring is 3 / 8 " thick. It is furnished with or without plugs inserted to simulate the original Colonial planking. The individual pieces range from 3" to 7" in width, and to 8' in length. This excellent flooring is specifically de- signed to be installed in adhesive over concrete. Available with faces of Natural or Dark Oak, and Walnut. Wood -Mosaic Go., Inc. , Hardwood Lumber- Flooring-Veneers | Louisville, Ky. Henry Clarke P. O. Box 8144 Dallas, Texas yewivYizSefat, This striking new luxury floor is patterned' after Wood-Mosaic's famous "Monticello" flooring as designed by Thomas Jefferson, and used in his famous home in Virginia (see pages 6 and 7) . The illustration shows the pattern with Walnut centers and Walnut pickets. .Many other wood combinations are of course possible. In every case, the pieces are lam- inated, which makes them ideal for laying on concrete, on or below grade. DATA FOR SPECIFICATIONS Units are 3 / 8 " x 9" x 9" centers with Y»" x 4" x 13" double mitered pickets. Tongued and grooved laminated construction. Pre-finished with Wood-Mosaic's vinyl-alkyd finish or un- finished. Installed with adhesive over concrete or wood sub-floors. Available in matching or contrasting combinations of Natural or Dark Oak, Walnut, Cherry or Maple. Half-inch thickness if desired. Phone LA 8-6567 Dallas HA 1-3134 Houston JA 8-6123 crniinaleJCL/ Wood-Mosaic's high-quality laminated blocks are milled from fine hardwoods, bonded with special glue under heat and pressure. They are made in two thick- nesses— y 8 " and y 2 ". They are 9" x 9", tongued and grooved. The Yg" block is constructed with Poplar cores — the most stable cores for fine plywood construc- tion. Poplar cores are used in better furniture and pianos. The V2" block is manu- factured to conform to Commercial Standard CS233-60. Both thicknesses are available with faces of Oak (Natural or Dark), Walnut, Cherry, or Maple. One of Wood-Mosaic's newest and most immediately-popular designs — 9" x 9" Walnut squares, s Ae" thick. Each block consists of four solid-Walnut slats, which are held together with latex. Ideal for remodeling, since the slats are suf- ficiently flexible to conform to slight unevennesses in the old floor. Equally useful in new construction over suspended concrete or wood sub-floors. Furnished either pre-finished or unfinished. Less expensive than anything of comparable dis- tinction. Also available in Quartered White Oak, Cherry, Teak and Gothic Oak. 23 Printed in U.S.A.